CS Education Statistics

Computer Science in US Secondary Schools

Computer science courses in K-12 education are fading from the national landscape at the very moment they are needed most. Introductory secondary school computer science courses have decreased in number by 17 percent from 2005. The number of Advanced Placement (AP) Computer Science Courses has similarly decreased by 33 percent.

Source: http://www.computinginthecore.org/facts-resources

Despite its critical and growing importance, computer science is taught in only a small minority of U.S. schools. There currently are just over 42,000 high schools in the United States. But only 2,100 of them were certified to teach the AP computer science course in 2011, and in fact only 21,139 students took the AP exam.

Source: A National Talent Strategy: Ideas for Securing U.S. Competitiveness and Economic Growth

STEM Coursetaking Trends

The percentage of U.S. high school students taking STEM courses has increased over the last 20 years across all STEM disciplines except computer science where it dropped from 25% to 19%

2009 NAEP High School Transcript Study

AP Computer Science Exam Statistics

Nationally, computer science is the only STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) field that has seen a decrease in student participation in the last 20 years (Time). In California, less than 1 percent of all advanced placement exams taken in 2011 were in computer science. Moreover, student access to these courses is unequal and unrepresentative of the state’s demographics.

According to College Board, which tracks AP exams, 3,101 students took the AP computer science exam in 2011. By comparison, about 35,000 students took AP government, 55,000 took U.S. history, and 58,500 students took English language. Of those who did take the computer science exam, 29 students were African American and only 21 percent were girls.

California K-12 Enrollment vs AP Computer Science Exam Takers

K-12 Enrollment vs AP CS Exam Takers

Source: http://idea.gseis.ucla.edu/newsroom/our-ideas/themes-in-the-news/archive/august-2012/states-ap-computer-science-exam-29-african-americans-21-girls

 

Female vs. Male Enrollment 2011 AP Exams

AP 2011 Test Comparison Female vs Male

 

AP Exams 1997-2011

AP Exams 1997-2011

Source: College Board, Advanced Placement (AP) Exam Data 2011, available at http://professionals.collegeboard.com/data-reports-research/ap/data. Calculus represents the combined data of Calculus AB and BC. Physics represents the combined data of Physics B, C:Electricity and Magnetism, and C:Mechanics. Computer Science represents combined data of Computer Science A and B.

Exposure to Computer Science Matters

Source: COLLEGE BOARD, IS AP EXAM PARTICIPATION AND PERFORMANCE RELATED TO CHOICE OF COLLEGE MAJOR? (RESEARCH REPORT 2011-06, 2011), available at
http://professionals.collegeboard.com/profdownload/pdf/RR2011-6.pdf. Google, Survey Results of U.S. Employees (2010) (unpublished).

 

 

AP Computer Science 2013 Exam National Stats

National 2013 AP CS Exam Stats

Female
% of Total
Male
% of Total
American Indian 17 0.06% 109 0.37%
Asian 2072 7.01% 6403 21.66%
Black 264 0.89% 826 2.79%
Mexican American 205 0.69% 784 2.65%
Other Hispanic 254 0.86% 999 3.38%
Puerto Rican 29 0.10% 137 0.46%
White 2348 7.94% 13711 46.39%
Other 227 0.77% 851 2.85%
Not Stated 69 0.23% 250 0.85%
29555 Total
5485 Females
18.56% Female
24070 Males
81.44% Male

 

Detailed AP CS 2013 Results: Unfortunately, much the same

Barbara Ericson

http://computinged.wordpress.com/2014/01/01/detailed-ap-cs-2013-results-unfortunately-much-the-same/

  • No females took the exam in Mississippi, Montana, and Wyoming.
  • For states that had some females take the exam the percentage female ranged from 3.88% in Utah to 29% in Tennessee.
  • 11 states had no Black students take the exam: Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming.
  • The following states had the most Black students taking the exam: 1) Maryland with 170, 2) Texas with 132, 3) Georgia with 129, 4) Florida with 83, 5) Virginia with 78, 6) California with 74, 7) New York with 68, 8) New Jersey with 34 9) Mass with 34 and 10) North Carolina with 28. The pass rates for Black student in these states: Maryland 27.06%, Texas 48.48%, Georgia 21.7%, Florida 19.28%, Virginia 28.21%, California 56.76%, New York 33.82%, New Jersey 47.06%, Mass 38.24%, and North Carolina 21.43%.
  • The pass rate for Black students in states that had at least 5 Black students take the exam ranged from 19% (Florida) to 75% (Alabama) with 6 of 8 passing.
  • 8 states had no Hispanic students take the exam: Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Wyoming.
  • The following states had the most Hispanic students taking the exam: 1) Texas with 751, 2) California with 392, 3) Florida with 269 , 4) New York with 150, 5) Illinois with 142, 6) New Jersey with 96, 7) Virginia with 90, 8) Maryland with 88, 9) Georgia with 71, and 10) Mass with 56. In report the Hispanic numbers I cam combining the College Board categories of Mexican American, Other Hispanic, and Puerto Rican. The pass rate for Hispanic students in these states: Texas 44.47%, California 47.45%, Florida 44.61%, New York 35.33%, Illinois 39.44%, New Jersey 52.08%, Virginia 46.67%, Maryland 44.32%, Georgia 40.85%, and Mass 39.29%

 

Table 2

Source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/2635522/APCS-analysis-REV-v3.pdf

 

AP Computer Science 2013 Exam California Stats

California AP Computer Science Exam 2013

Female
 % of Total
Male
 % of Total
American Indian 1 0.02% 10 0.20%
Asian 635 12.79% 1899 38.26%
Black 16 0.32% 58 1.17%
Mexican American 47 0.95% 188 3.79%
Other Hispanic 33 0.66% 117 2.36%
Puerto Rican 2 0.04% 5 0.10%
White 265 5.34% 1350 27.2%
Other 58 1.17% 205 4.13%
Not Stated 17 0.34% 58 1.17%
4964 Total
1074 Females
21.64% Female
3890 Males
78.36% Male

 

Comparing California and National AP Computer Science and LAUSD ECS Participation Rates (2011-12)

Groups AP Computer Science Test Takers (California) AP Computer Science Test Takers (National) Exploring Computer Science Students (Los Angeles)
African American 45 out of 3,920
1% of the total
1,266 out of 24,782
5% of the total
200 out of 2,136
9% of the total
Latino 314 out of 3,920
8% of the total
2,350 out of 24,782
9% of the total
1,649 out of 2,136
77% of the total
Female 833 out of 3,920
21% of the total
4,635 out of 24,782
19% of the total
923 out of 2,136
43% of the total

 

Computer Science Degree Statistics

Underrepresented Minorities Completing CS Degrees

  • 10.6% Bachelors
  • 4.8% Masters
  • 3.6% PhD

Taulbee Data 2010

Bachelor's Degree Awarded by Ethnicity

CS = Computer Science CE = Computer Engineering I = Information
Source: Computing Degree and Enrollment Trends
From the 2010-2011 CRA Taulbee Survey http://cra.org/resources/taulbee/

 

Masters Degrees Awarded by Ethnicity

CS = Computer Science CE = Computer Engineering I = Information
Source: Computing Degree and Enrollment Trends
From the 2010-2011 CRA Taulbee Survey http://cra.org/resources/taulbee/

 

PhDs Awarded by Ethnicity

CS = Computer Science CE = Computer Engineering I = Information
Source: Computing Degree and Enrollment Trends
From the 2010-2011 CRA Taulbee Survey http://cra.org/resources/taulbee/

 

Computer Science Job Statistics

United States CS Degrees vs. Job Openings

United States CS Degrees vs. Job Openings

 

Projected Changes – Major STEM Occupations 2008-2018

Projected Changes - Major STEM Occupations 2008-2018

 

 

Projected Annual Growth of STEM Job Openings 2010-2020

Projected Growth STEM Jobs

Source: Jobs data are calculated from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Employment Projections 2010-2020

 

Best Jobs in America

Best Jobs in America

 

The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that by 2020 there will be more than 1.4 million computing-related job openings. At current rates, however, we can only fill about 30% of those jobs with U.S. computing bachelor’s grads. Girls represent a valuable, mostly untapped talent pool.

 Women Earn:

  • 57%    of all undergraduate degrees
  • 42%    of all undergraduate math and statistics degrees
  • 40%    of all undergraduate physical sciences degrees
    but only …
  • 18%    of all undergraduate computer and information sciences degrees

National Center of Educational Statistics (NCES), 2009 (CIP 11); 2008–2009 CRA Taulbee survey (Computer Science).

 

Women and Information Technology: By the Numbers

Women and Information Technology